per 01.01. 1998)
Population density: 41.8 per sq km
location and composition: The
area consists of 24 districts, 12 city districts (including 6 districts
in Chelyabinsk), 20 cities and 32 towns. It stretches down the Eastern
slopes of the Southern Urals up to Zauralskaya lowland. It also reaches
mountain ranges at the North West part of the Ural Mountains. The area
has common borders with Kurgan, Sverdlovsk and Orenburg areas as well as
with Bashkortostan and Kazakhstan. The Ural and The Miass are the
principal rivers of this region. The distance between Chelyabinsk and
Moscow - 1,919 kilometers.
Medium temperature in January
is -13.3 Celsius
Medium temperature in July is
The area was founded on January 17, 1934.
Chelyabinsk Area belongs to:
The Urals Economic Region and
The Urals Federal District
ferrous ores, magnesite, graphite, apyrous clay.
principal deposits: ferrous ore - at Bakalskoe, Zlatoustovskoe and
Magnitogorskoe, magnesite - at Satkinskaya Gruppa, graphite - at
Taiginskoe and apyrous clay - at Nizhneuvelskoe.
and non-ferrous metallurgy machine-building and metal-working (including
tractors, cars road-construction and mine equipment, machine-tool
building, etc.), chemicals (including sulfuric acid, paint and varnish,
organic glass). The area is famous for itís fine art casting at
Kaslino and Kusino, watch production and metal printing at Zlatoust.
area focuses upon grain and bean production. The kettle-breeding, dairy
products, pig-breeding and bee-keeping is another important industry.